Ernie Friedlander

Ernie Friedlander

I was born in 1935 in Vienna, Austria. With my father and mother I left Vienna in 1938 as a result of the Anschluss (annexation by Germany of the country) for Hungary, my father’s place of birth. Of my family only my mother and I survived the Holocaust. This was due...
Yvonne Halas

Yvonne Halas

I was born in Budapest in 1942.  When I was two years old, we were in a small village in Hungary and my parents were directed onto a train going to a concentration camp.  My father talked to a guard who seemed shocked by the efforts to put so many people in...
Tom Fleming

Tom Fleming

I was born in 1938 in Slovakia. In 1942 the local Catholic church gave my family Baptismal Certificates for our protection. In early 1944 the Nazis tried to round up all Jews in Slovakia, so my family went to Bratislava where in a few weeks the Gestapo found us and...
Rosie Haneman

Rosie Haneman

I was born in Belgium of Polish parents.  I have a sister five years younger. I was seven years old when the Nazis invaded Belgium. My father decided we had to leave and perhaps make it to England.  With a few belongings we set off, marching all the way and...
John Gruschka

John Gruschka

John hails from the German border region of Czechoslovakia known as Sudetenland, of Czech/Polish ancestry, raised in a German speaking Jewish community. Although still a child in his early teens, he was no stranger to the political upheavals in Europe that eventually...
Peter Gyenes

Peter Gyenes

I was born in Hungary in 1941. My father was taken to a forced labour camp in Russia and killed in 1943. After the Germans occupied Hungary in 1944 my mother and I moved to my grandfather’s place into a so-called Yellow Star House. His housekeeper fed the whole...