Rosie Haneman

Rosie Haneman

I was born in Belgium of Polish parents.  I have a sister five years younger. I was seven years old when the Nazis invaded Belgium. My father decided we had to leave and perhaps make it to England.  With a few belongings we set off, marching all the way and...
Eva Masnick

Eva Masnick

I was born in Ushorod (then Hungary) in 1943, just before the Nazi deportations went into top gear.  When my parents were married my mother moved to Presov in Slovakia, where my father had a factory. However, she  absolutely refused to register as a Jew in...
John Gruschka

John Gruschka

John hails from the German border region of Czechoslovakia known as Sudetenland, of Czech/Polish ancestry, raised in a German speaking Jewish community. Although still a child in his early teens, he was no stranger to the political upheavals in Europe that eventually...
Peter Gyenes

Peter Gyenes

I was born in Hungary in 1941. My father was taken to a forced labour camp in Russia and killed in 1943. After the Germans occupied Hungary in 1944 my mother and I moved to my grandfather’s place into a so-called Yellow Star House. His housekeeper fed the whole...
Gaby Deleon

Gaby Deleon

I was born in 1927 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia and raised in an emancipated Jewish family along with two elder brothers. In our family all major Jewish traditions were regularly observed but in general we not overly religious. My father was paying more emphasis on...
Eva Engel

Eva Engel

I was born in Vienna, Austria in 1932. My father was an active member of the Social Democratic Party – therefore a double fugitive of the Nazis after Anschluss of Austria (Austria became part of the Third Reich in March 1938). My father was a socialist (the extreme...